Three Helpful Hints For Properly Pruning Your Trees

Regular, deliberate pruning helps to promote tree health and keep your trees looking their best. And while most homeowners hire professionals to prune their trees, others prefer to get out there and trim their own.

In either case, winter is perhaps the best time of year to prune your trees, so it is time to get busy. Not only are most trees dormant through the winter, many have shed their leaves, allowing you to better appreciate their form and structure while you work.

But before you grab your loppers and run outside, take a moment to familiarize yourself with the following tips. They’re sure to help you prune more effectively and keep your trees looking their best.

  1. Tread lightly when pruning. While most healthy trees can tolerate the removal of a few branches, most will succumb to pests, disease and stress if more than about 25 percent of the canopy is removed in a single year. Accordingly, it is always better to think twice before making each individual cut, and always err on the side of leaving a branch intact, if you are unsure of the best path forward.
  1. Use the right tool for the right job. Hand shears are good for thin, leaf-bearing twigs, while pencil-thick branches are better handled with loppers. Branches larger than a broomstick require a handsaw, and those thicker than your wrist require a chainsaw (as well as an operator properly trained in its use).
  1. Spend most of your time removing dead or dying branches. Branch death is a natural part of the lives of most mature trees, and – except in cases involving spreading pathogens — trees are rarely bothered by dead branches that remain attached to the trunk. However, dead and dying branches represent a very real safety hazard, as dead branches can fall at any time. In the interest of keeping your home and family safe, prioritize the dead and dying branches when formulating your pruning plan.
  1. Paint your house, not your trees. While arborists of decades past often coated cut branches with wound paint, modern arborists generally eschew the practice. Employed as a way of protecting the tree from fungi, bacteria and insects by accelerating the rate at which the tree compartmentalized the wound, research has shown that none of the commonly used protectants accelerate the rate of closure – one class of commonly used wound paint actually reduced the rate of healing.

Keep these tips in mind when you set out to trim back your trees, and you’re sure to have great results. Of course, there is much more to both the art and science of tree pruning, but it takes years to learn the skills to be one of the best. If you’d rather not worry about learning the methods of proper tree pruning, and would rather leave it to just such a professional, contact Arbor Tree Surgeons today. We will match you with an ISA-certified arborist in your area, who can tend to your trees.

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UK Tree Surgeon Index 5: The Downy Birch Tree (Betula Pubescens)

The downy birch tree is also called the European white birch tree, This species of tree has a grey-white bark, with oval leaves and flowers that produce during the spring season. It thrives in wet soil, wet clay, and peat bogs. Sometimes this species is often confused with the dwarf birch tree.

Where are Downy Birch Trees Found

The downy birch tree is native to Northern Europe and Northern Asia. Places they can be found growing in the wild are Siberia, Altai Mountains, Lake Baikal region, the Caucasus, Turkey, in the Arctic, Iceland, Greenland, Spain, and the British Isles. Cultivars have been grown in other areas.

What is Distinguishable About the Downy Birch Tree

What distinguishes the downy birch from other species of birch is the bark and the shoots. The bark is dull and grey-white and it has leaf margins which are finely serrated. This species is tetraploid. In Iceland, the downy birch tree can hybridize with the dwarf birch and the results are triploid.

The Uses of the Downy Birch

The downy birch has a wide variety of uses that include the wood being used for timber, plywood, furniture making, shelf making, wood toy making, coffin making and more. The inner bark can be used in making bread because it is edible. The sap of this tree is used in making wine, ale and other refreshing drinks. Certain parts of this tree has been used in herbal medicine for centuries. The wood is also used for making canoes and roofing tiles. The bark can be used to make dye. The leaves can be boiled to make a herbal tea.

Common Problems

A few common problems are associated with the downy birch and they include a fungus growing on the tree that causes the disease called birch dieback disease, larva feeding on the foliage which causes damage to the leaves and decreases growth. There have been about 70 species of fungi known to grow on this tree.

If you are looking for help with Tree Cutting, Tree Felling or Tree Removal contact Arbor Tree Surgeons today.

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The Pesky Bug That Leads to an Increase in Crime

It’s almost cliché at this point to list the myriad ways in which trees improve our lives. We know they improve the quality of the air we breathe, strengthen the mental wellbeing of youngsters and increase property values. We know that they help patients heal more quickly, reduce stormwater runoff and increase urban biodiversity.  A 2011 study even found that trees were a viable way to help “climate-proof” high density housing areas in the UK.

But one of the most tangible benefits they provide society relates to crime. Trees have been shown to reduce the rate of crime in several different studies. For example, a 2001 study examined the relationship between green spaces and crime in urban Chicago, Illinois. Among other things, the researchers found that property crimes were 48 percent lower in areas with abundant tree-lined greenspaces than they were in areas with minimal vegetation, and violent crimes were 56 percent lower in the well-planted areas.

Several other studies have supported similar conclusions, and most discussion among academics centers around the extent to which trees reduce crime, rather than questioning the fact that they do. At this point, the relationship between trees and a reduction in crime are reasonably well accepted.

But that doesn’t mean we can’t learn more about this relationship. In fact, knowing that this relationship exists should encourage more research into the subject, so that society can leverage the lessons learned to improve the lives of as many people as possible. And, as chance would have it, the USDA Forest Service just completed a study that sought to yield exactly this type of data.

In the course of the study, researchers compared the crime patterns of Cincinnati, Ohio with the presence of trees. Unsurprisingly, the researchers found that, as with virtually every other geographic area studied, crime decreased as the tree density increased.

But there is an interesting twist to this particular study – these researchers weren’t comparing places with a thriving urban canopy with places in which trees were never planted. They were comparing places with healthy urban forests with those that had forests decimated by the emerald ash borer.

The emerald ash borer is a shiny green beetle, originally native to East Asia. Although it feeds on the leaves of ash trees, this rarely leads to significant problems: It is the feeding behavior of the larvae that destroy the trees. In its home range, the insect maintains a low population density, which prevents it from becoming a pest. However, outside this native range, the insect’s population often explodes, putting local ash trees at risk.

By establishing a link between the presences of the emerald ash borer and crime, the researchers have helped to raise awareness about the harm this invasive species represents, which will hopefully help make more funding available to fight its spread.

For advice and assitance for all of your tree troubles, contact Arbor Tree Surgeons.

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UK Tree Surgeon Index 4: The European Beech (Fagus Sylvatica)

The European Beech (Fagus sylvatica; southern Great Britain only) is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family fagaceae. Its origin is in the woodlands in Central and southern Europe. It grows to medium size with fan-shaped branches and ribbed greenish leaves.

For good maintenance, a Professional Tree Surgeon is required since it grows to a height of 50 to 60 feet and spread from 35 to 50 feet. It blooms in April to May season and bears yellowish –green leaves in full sun or part shade. It requires medium water has no flowers and has a good leaf fall with edible fruits.It is a large tree suitable for a large space providing excellent

It is a large tree suitable for a large space providing excellent shade especially for lawns and parks, providing shelter for birds and other insects like beetles. Its fruits are showy and edible food for birds and rodents. They were also ground to make flour which could be eaten after leaching the tannins out by soaking. If frequently clipped they can make attractive hedges.

Its timber is used to make beautiful ornaments which are later sold to tourists and other people. The copper beech or purple beech, fern leaf beech, dwarf beech, weeping beech, deck beech and golden beech are all used in the horticultural industry. It is also a source of hardwood which is used as timber for making furniture. It is very resourceful in the furniture industry as it is easy to soak, varnish, glue and die. Very resistant to compression and splitting and has an excellent finish. It provides wood also act as a source of fuel. Its nuts were also pressed to obtain oil for cooking and in lamps.

It is occasionally attacked by beach scale. You should watch out for caterpillars, Japanese beetles and aphids. Bores also attack distressed trees. Canker, beech bark disease and mildew also occur sometimes. It is intolerant to wet, poorly drained soils and does not grow well in urban settings.

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Genetics to the Rescue: The Fight Against Ash Dieback

Ash dieback is a fungal disease that causes ash trees to lose leaves from their canopy. It is found throughout large swaths of Europe; after being discovered in Poland back in 1992, it was later found in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Denmark, Germany, Austria, as well as many other countries. It was first documented in the UK in 2012, which led the government to impose a ban on European ash imports.

The Causal Organism

The disease, which is caused by the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxinea, does not always kill the trees it infects, but most mature trees eventually succumb after unsuccessfully battling the fungus for several years. It is particularly destructive to immature trees, which have fewer resources to mobilize and leaves to spare in the conflict. It typically first appears as a series of necrotic lesions, which persist for several years. Eventually, these lesions can encroach beneath the bark, where they can begin affecting the xylem (wood) of the trees.

Management Strategies

Thus far, forest managers and researchers have had little success in combatting the fungus. Workers formerly tried to destroy Infected trees to halt the spread of the disease, but this was not an effective strategy, because the fungus lives in the leaf litter carpeting the forest floor – tree removal to eradicate the fungus is like trying to empty the ocean one bucket at a time.

Natural Resistance

However, researchers have long observed that some ash trees exhibit a natural resistance to the pathogen. The hope is that these naturally resistant trees could be cultivated en masse, and then used to replace non-resistant ash trees growing throughout the landscape. However, this has not proved to be an easy task. Fortunately, soldiers in the fight against ash dieback just added another weapon to their arsenal.

Genetics to the Rescue

Researchers at Queen Mary University of London recently sequenced the genome of the European ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior). Their work produced a few novel, if not helpful, bits of information, such as the fact that approximately 25 percent of the ash tree’s genome is comprised of genes that only occur in ash trees.

However, the true value from the study will be best realized when the researchers are able to compare the genes of the ash trees in their study with those of populations that exhibit some resistance to the disease (for example, Denmark is home to a small colony of resistant trees). This should allow the researchers to determine which genes are responsible for the resistance, and perhaps eventually manipulate the genetic code of ash trees to impart resistance upon them.

If you have any concerns about the health of your trees, contact your local tree surgeon today.

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UK Tree Surgeon Index 3: Box (Buxus sempervirens)

Box (Buxus sempervirens) is an attractive, flowering evergreen shrub or small tree which is a popular ornamental addition in many gardens. Box plants may also be referred to as common box, European box, or simply boxwood. It is native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. Today, Box can be found throughout many parts of the world, and is well adapted to conditions in the warmer regions of southern England, as this is part of its original habitat.

Some of the distinguishing characteristics of Box are its very fragrant flowers which lack petals and blend in with the foliage, and its small, green to yellow-green leaves. Depending on age and growing conditions, the plants can vary in height from 1-10 m tall, with trunk widths of 20-45 cm, and a foliage spread of 1.5-5 m across.

Box is frequently used in more formal gardens as a hedge or for topiaries, as it is a plant well-suited to close shearing. Young plants should be cut back by up to one-third in May to encourage lush growth, with additional tree trimming as needed, while mature plants should be pruned in August. Old shrubs which have not been properly tended for some time can be cropped down to approximately 15-30 cm high in May to stimulate healthy, new growth. A Tree Surgeon can assist you by shaping your Box plants for the best ornamental effect in your garden, and this beneficial maintenance can also help protect your plants from disease.

The most common problem encountered with Box is the fungal disease Box blight. Treatment involves clipping off any affected areas, applying a fungicide to the shrub, and removing any potentially contaminated plant matter and surface soil underneath. Box blight may be prevented by regular, careful pruning, which can help ensure adequate air circulation. Pests such as the Box tree caterpillar, red spider mite, scale insects and box suckers are less frequently seen, but can also be an issue.

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Protect Your Trees From Girdling

A million different things can kill a tree: pests, drought, improper sight selection, floods – the list is endless. But the most maddening ways by which trees die are those that could have been easily avoided. Take for example, girdling – a process by which a tree’s phloem and cambium are damaged, by wounds occurring around a trunk’s circumference.

An (Often) Lethal Practice

Few girdled trees survive for very long. In fact, girdling is such a lethal threat to trees that foresters often use a version of the technique when trying to deliberately kill trees without the use of herbicides. In this case, the forester would cut a several-inch-wide band around a tree’s trunk, being sure to penetrate all the way down to the wood. Ironically, some fruit-tree farmers deliberately girdle their trees to improve fruit production, but in such cases, the wounds created are small enough for the tree to repair.

However, trees are more commonly girdled when someone deliberately wraps an item around a tree, but fails to remove it in short order. As the tree grows, the offending item becomes tighter and tighter, eventually slicing through the tree’s bark.

Damaged Tree Anatomy

Most trees can sustain a little bark damage; part of the bark’s evolutionary purpose, after all, is to shield the tree’s more delicate interior. But if the problem is not rectified at this stage, the damage will only get worse. Soon after penetrating the tree’s outer bark, the rope, wire or fabric strangling the tree will begin to damage two important cell layers: the phloem and the cambium. If a significant portion of either cell layer is destroyed, the tree is likely to die.

A tree’s phloem serves as a two-way transport system, that allows trees to move sugars up and down a branch or trunk, as needed. The phloem is present in the form of a thin band that stretches around the circumference of each branch or trunk. Accordingly, minor wounds are easily tolerated, but wounds that affect about one-third or more of the trunk effectively starve a significant portion of the root system, dooming the tree to a premature death.

Like the phloem, a tree’s cambium also occurs as a band of tissue, but it is located immediately inside the ring of phloem. Cambium is a type of tissue known as a meristem, which means that it is an area of rapid cell division – essentially growth. As the cambium divides, it produces both the xylem (wood) tissue to the inside and the phloem tissue to the outside. Obviously, the cambium is an important tissue for the tree, so it is imperative that it, like the phloem, remain undamaged.

Other Causes of Girdling

Some of the other ways in which trees become girdled include beavers and other rodents, or vandals, who carve their names into a living tree’s wood. However, trees can actually girdle themselves, by producing roots that encircle the trunk, eventually cutting off the movement of resources through the phloem.

If you require any assistance from your local tree surgeon, contact Arbor Tree Surgeons today!

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UK Trees (2). The Alder – A peculiar tree

The alder tree has a scientific name of “Alnus glutinosa”. The reason for the name is because of its sticky feature of the twigs and its youngs leafs. It’s a tree that belongs to the Betaluceae family. The same one as the Birch.

Where Are They Found?

The origin of this species isn’t clear. But, it’s widely distributed around the Western Palearctic region (Europe and North East of Africa). Also, we can find these species in Asia. In the Iberian peninsula is widely distributed with most performance in the middle of the North. The Alder reaches the south in determined gullies. The performance of this tree is proofed in the Gilbratrar Countryside and the “Sierra de las Nieves”, Spain. Some specimens have been notable in Madrid and the province of Malaga in the zone of the Genal where there’s a specimen which height is 708 inches.

What’s Distinguishable of Them?

It has a faster growth and with a capacity of stump sprout. This tree has a straight trunk of brown-gray bark or brown-red in youngs specimens. The Alnus glutinosa features simple petiolate alternates leafs with rounded or elliptic form. The size of these leafs is around 1.5 inches and 3.9 inches. The board of these leafs is sinuous and finally jagged.

The Alder flowers are masculine and feminine in catkins. It has a woody fruit of 0.3 inches to 1.1 inches. The fruits seem as a small pineapple. The height of the catkins is around 1.9 inches. They have a purpure color that is dull in the winter. At the beginning of the spring, the color of the catkin is dark yellow. The feminine flowers are grouped in catkins and they have five lobes. The fruit of the Alder is too peculiar.

What Are The Uses of the Alder?

The wood of the Alder is used in carpentry due to its capacity to resist under the water a lot of years. It used to make paper, partitions, boxes factories, and sculpture. The Alder is frequently used in plywood, too. Also, it’s used as a windbreak wall. The alnus glutinosa is a decorative tree in gardens and parks. Also, these species of trees provide a healthy property in the feet and the throat.

If you are having trouble with an Alder tree in the Sheffield area give Arbor Tree Surgeons Sheffield a call on 0114 421 0125.

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Bird Cherry Tree (Prunus padus)

The bird cherry tree is a shrub or a small tree and it is also known as the Mayday tree. This species of tree produces fruit and flowers with the flowers being pollinated by bees and flies.

Where Are Bird Cherry Trees Found

Bird cherry trees are native to both Northern Europe and Northern Asia and they can be seen growing wild in places that include the Arctic Circle, Britain, Northern Ireland, Russia, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, Norway, Finland, France, the Balkans, Italy, and Sweden.

What is Distinguishable About Them

These shrubs are distinguished easily because of their fruit which has an astringent scent. It is because of their high content of tannin. This makes the leaves, stems and fruit poisonous to some animals. The Tree Surgeon can help you identify most trees that are poisonous. It is very important to be sure to identify poisonous trees from those that are not.

Bird Cherry Shrub Uses

Far east of Western Europe the fruit is commonly consumed, but not in Western Europe. The fruit is black and it is ground into a unique flour and used for a variety of culinary purposes. During the Middle Ages, the fruit was used in herbal medicine. In some regions, people believed that when the bark of the tree was placed at the door it would ward off plagues. Its purpose for being marketed in the United States is for ornamental purposes. In Advie, the natives called it a witch tree.

Common Problems

When larvae attack the tree they will eat it leafless. Birds eat the fruit because the astringent odor does not present an unpleasant taste. The bird cherry ermine moth uses this shrub as a host. If you are interested in learning more about tree or shrub diseases and common problems, then the Tree Surgeon is highly skilled and experienced in giving you answer to questions and concerns for a wide variety of trees.

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Tree Arbor Surgeons Have Been Planted…

Welcome to Arbor Tree Services.

A little bit about us…

We are here for the property owners and the tree surgeons. We understand the difficulties of finding a qualified and reputable tree surgeon, therefore we’ve made it easier for customers to find the best tree surgeons in the area. And as it may be a struggle for a tree surgeon to effective advertise their services, we’ve also made it easier for them to be contacted directly by the people that need them.

Who are Arbor Tree Surgeons?

We partner with highly qualified and reputable tree surgeons in your local area. You can rely on receiving the highest levels of customer service and satisfaction, ensuring standards of care, quality, and reliability are kept high. Be sure to check out their testimonials, and see how others have received their arbor-tree-surgeons-sticky-headerservices. Many of your partners maintain memberships with maintain memberships with all the leading industry associations, including the International Society of Arboriculture, the Arboricultural Association and the Consulting Arborist Society.

What we help with?

Our partners do not only deal with tree removal, felling and trimming, but also site clearance, root removal, surveys, and stump grinding. Feel free to ask about other kinds of services that relate to your tree problems. We are ready with customised service requests, when it comes to the solution for problems you have.

You can rest assured that you’ll get the most comprehensive services for your tree problems with our help.

How does it work?

We’ve made it really straight forward. Contact your local Arbor Tree Surgeon by telephone, email or contact form to request free estimates, advice and guidance on a particular trouble.  Their contact details can be found on their individual websites.

What areas are we in?

We’ve started small but looking to grow rapidly across the UK. Our first location launch being Arbor Tree Surgeons Sheffield. If you are a Tree Surgeon across the UK and looking to grow your business and increase the leads to generate via the internet, contact us today!

What is next?

We will introduce ourselves in more locations across the UK in the coming months, so keep an eye out for news of new launches. We will also be using this blog as an opportunity to share our knowledge of UK tree and shrub care!

Contact us for all questions and queries you may have!